Outcome after cortico-amygdalo-hippocampectomy in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy and normal MRI.
Cukiert A1, Burattini JA, Mariani PP, Cukiert CM, Argentoni M, Baise-Zung C, Forster CR, Mello VA.
We describe seizure and neuropsychological outcome obtained after CAH in patients with TLE and normal MRI evaluated in the modern imaging era.
Forty-five adult consecutive patients with TLE and normal MRI were studied. All patients had neuropsychological testing, interictal and ictal EEG recordings and MRI. They were divided into two groups: Group 1 (n=18), included patients in whom non-invasive neurophysiological evaluation was lateralizing and Group 2 (n=27) included patients with non-lateralizing neurophysiological data who were submitted to invasive recordings.
Seventy-seven percent of the Group 1 patients were rated as Engel I; 11% were rated as Engel II and 11% as Engel III. In Group 2, there were 57% of patients seizure-free, 26% in Engel II and 14% in Engel III. Pre-operatively, mean general IQ was 82 and 78 in Groups 1 and 2, respectively; post-operatively, mean general IQ was respectively 86 and 71. Some degree of verbal memory decline was noted in all patients submitted to dominant temporal lobe resection in both Groups 1 and 2. At last follow-up visit, 22% of Group 1 and 11% of Group 2 patients were receiving no antiepileptic drugs (AED).
Our data showed that patients with TLE and normal MRI could get good surgical results after CAH although 60% of them would need invasive recordings and their results regarding seizure control and cognition were worse than those obtained in patients with MRI defined temporal lobe lesions. Caution should be taken in offering dominant temporal lobe resection to this subset of patients.
2010 British Epilepsy Association. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.